Pentagon Acquisition Chief Aims to Reform Business Practices in 2019
Photo: Defense Dept.
The Defense Department plans to simplify some of its business practices next year to improve the way it works with industry and acquires new products, the Pentagon’s top weapons buyer said Dec. 17.
One key reform will be creating more commonality in intellectual property policies, Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment Ellen Lord said. Rules and requirements surrounding IP have long been a major concern for contractors that worry that doing business with the government will harm them if they lose control over their secret sauce.
“We're writing intellectual property policy for across the department,” Lord said during a meeting with reporters at the Pentagon. “From an industry perspective, we are trying to be consistent across all the services and the agencies so that we don't have different requirements for similar [acquisition] needs. … We'd like to have the same type of contract language.”
Department officials will build on some of the initial work that the Army has done in this regard, she said.
Another initiative is to develop scorecards for contractor performance across a wide range of programs. This year the department has been analyzing data it collects about quality, delivery, contractor performance assessment reports and business systems, she said.
“We are rolling those up into scorecards so that when we talk to industry we can be very, very focused about what's going well, what needs improvement,” Lord said.
That will also enable the military services to have the same contracting data, she noted.
“What I'm interested in is having comprehensive data that characterizes performance in a meaningful way,” she added. “That will allow us to understand what we are getting for the dollars we are spending, and how timely deliveries are and the quality of the performance that we expect.”
Collecting sufficient data isn’t the problem, she noted. The difficulty is synthesizing it and condensing it.
“We have lots of data in lots of different places,” she said. “My challenge is … to consolidate that data into a one-pager, meaningful scorecard that differentiates between major programs and small programs, [and] that doesn't ignore service programs.”
That information will provide greater insight into the capabilities and fragilities of the Pentagon’s supply base, she said.
Additionally, having a data-driven scorecard would enable the entire acquisition and contracting community to understand current performance to inform new contract awards and incentive fees moving forward, she noted.
Lord also wants to take steps to simplify compliance with federal acquisition rules and regulations.
Over the past year acquisition leaders have distributed a “handbook” on other transaction authority agreements to contracting officials to help them understand how to use new rapid acquisition tools that Congress has given the Pentagon in recent years, she noted.
“We want to describe all of our acquisition authorities very clearly, and then the associated contract vehicles that are most appropriately and inappropriately used with those different authorities,” Lord said.
Next, the department wants to tackle the complicated and cumbersome Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement, or DFARS.
“In 2019, one of my key objectives is to rewrite [DFARS] 5000.02,” Lord said. “This is literally starting with a clean sheet of paper, looking at the law and the intent and working to vastly simplify this.”
To enable the acquisition system to move faster, contracting officers need to understand how to do “the absolute bare minimum” to be compliant with DFARS rules, she said. “I'm encouraging what I call creative compliance.”
“We need a couple-page outline of what you need to do, and simple contract language and simple checklists to go through so that this isn't an onerous process,” she added.
Lord said department officials might ask lawmakers for new authorities to help speed up the acquisition of new capabilities by cutting through bureaucratic red tape.
“If we need to go back to Congress and get some authorities to do that, we will certainly do that because I know that they are partnering with us and they want to make sure we do things in a simpler, more cost-effective manner," she said.