Twitter Facebook Google RSS
 
National Defense > Blog > Posts > Stability Operations in Afghanistan Face Uphill Battle
Stability Operations in Afghanistan Face Uphill Battle
By Yasmin Tadjdeh



While major military operations may be coming to an end in Afghanistan, the forces remaining there will face an uphill battle piecing the country back together, analysts said June 17.

U.S. military units tasked with rebuilding infrastructure and countering insurgencies face myriad hurdles, from tighter budgets, to a lack of national policy to growing tensions within the populace.

"Stability is in the eyes of the locals. The only stability definition that matters is what locals perceive. In rural and tribal lands … the definition of stability very often changes dramatically from village to village, from tribe to tribe," said Howard Clark, a senior intelligence officer at the Department of Homeland Security and advisor to Special Operations Command.

Even in non-combat situations, troops stationed on foreign soil can be destabilizing, Clark said during a discussion at the American Security Project, a Washington, D.C.-based national security think tank.

"Our very presence in Muslim lands causes instability, bringing insurgent attacks on local populace and materializing violent extremism," Clark said. "Even when we're defending the lives of civilians or providing humanitarian aid, this narrative recruits, this narrative grows … [and] motivates most violent extremists."

Another major issue is the money that the United States brings in to fund stability operations, Clark said. Taliban militants often shake down local businesses for money earned from development contracts, he said.

While insurgents also raise cash by selling narcotics — making Afghanistan one of the largest producers of illicit drugs in the world — the money raised by skimming off of stability operations funds is greater, he said.

"The money the Taliban actually squeezes from our contracts eclipses even their funds made from opium and heroin," said Clark.

Furthermore, Afghanistan's 
government is rife with corruption. Citizens are disillusioned that money is funneled into failed or corrupt programs. Their disappointment can lead them to seek refuge with insurgents, he said.

The best way to achieve stability in Afghanistan is by empowering the local people to solve local problems themselves, he said.

"This means immediate local ownership. This is not a process toward transition this is transition. It's understanding that even when war has broken traditional roles of governance … any resemblance of a local system that is left is a better vehicle than direct U.S. might and a heavy U.S. presence," said Clark.

Problems within stability operations are not limited to Afghanistan. Globally, budget cuts are hurting forces, said retired Army Lt. Gen. Frank Kearney III, former deputy director for strategic operational planning at the National Counter-Terrorism Center.

"Analysis paralysis and inaction due to lack of funding causes us to not be in places in the world where we need to be able to shape and influence," said Kearney.

World wide, stability operations also face a lack of strategy and leadership, he said.

"The strategy is not deep enough. The campaign plans are either absent or worthless [and] we don't delve into the details about the valleys and tribes and city states and what will work, and how it will work and how we get there," said Kearney. "There is an absence of leadership and clarity of intent, purpose for strategy and end states globally."

Photo Credit: Defense Dept.

Comments

Re: Stability Operations in Afghanistan Face Uphill Battle

It will be another 10 to 15 years before there is a political deal and true stability in Afghanistan. It always end in a political solution, it just how long. But maintaining it is not about war or COIN always need some CT for minority diehards. Whether they listen is another thing, how many times did Biden try to talk sense to al-Maliki trainers, a residual force of 50'000 may slow the rot before the redeploying 160, 000 troops to get back to a political solution.
Matt at 7/8/2013 10:59 AM

Add Comment

Items on this list require content approval. Your submission will not appear in public views until approved by someone with proper rights. More information on content approval.

Name: *

eMail *

Comment *

Title

Attachments

Name: *


eMail *


Comment *


 

Refresh
Please enter the text displayed in the image.
The picture contains 6 characters.

Characters *

  

Legal Notice *

NDIA is not responsible for screening, policing, editing, or monitoring your or another user's postings and encourages all of its users to use reasonable discretion and caution in evaluating or reviewing any posting. Moreover, and except as provided below with respect to NDIA's right and ability to delete or remove a posting (or any part thereof), NDIA does not endorse, oppose, or edit any opinion or information provided by you or another user and does not make any representation with respect to, nor does it endorse the accuracy, completeness, timeliness, or reliability of any advice, opinion, statement, or other material displayed, uploaded, or distributed by you or any other user. Nevertheless, NDIA reserves the right to delete or take other action with respect to postings (or parts thereof) that NDIA believes in good faith violate this Legal Notice and/or are potentially harmful or unlawful. If you violate this Legal Notice, NDIA may, in its sole discretion, delete the unacceptable content from your posting, remove or delete the posting in its entirety, issue you a warning, and/or terminate your use of the NDIA site. Moreover, it is a policy of NDIA to take appropriate actions under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act and other applicable intellectual property laws. If you become aware of postings that violate these rules regarding acceptable behavior or content, you may contact NDIA at 703.522.1820.

 

 

Bookmark and Share