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Homeland Security News 

Congress, Federal Agencies Decline to Help Coast Guard Fund New Polar Icebreaker 


By Christina Munnell 


The Coast Guard needs $1 billion to build a new polar icebreaker. Members of Congress at a recent hearing said the service wasn’t going to get it. At least not from them.

Although a Navy representative and officials from other federal agencies testified to the importance of attaining a new icebreaker for the Arctic, none of them promised to help the Coast Guard out with the pricey project.

“You’re not going to get the $1 billion from this Congress to build a new icebreaker. That’s simple. You’re not going to get it,” Rep. Don Young, R-Alaska, told a senior Coast Guard official at a House Transportation Committee Coast Guard and maritime transportation subcommittee hearing.

Committee members said they were skeptical of funding a new polar ship because the agencies have failed to come up with a collaborative budget plan. Represented at the hearing were leaders from the Department of State, Department of Commerce, National Science Foundation and the State of Alaska.

While committee members agreed that outside agencies needed a new icebreaker to guarantee security and access during Arctic missions, they criticized the agencies’ unwillingness to contribute funds to the Coast Guard.

“The gap between what is needed to effectively implement the Arctic strategy and what is requested and funded is huge, growing and, frankly, doesn’t work,” said Ranking Member Rep. John Garamendi, D-Calif.

As navigable waters in the Arctic continue to expand, pressure is being put on U.S. forces — especially the Coast Guard — to increase presence in the region and keep the homeland safe, said Chairman Rep. Duncan Hunter, R-Calif. He was pessimistic about the current state of U.S. icebreakers to carry out this mission and feared that rival nations had more determination to develop polar vessels. 

“The U.S fleet of icebreakers is in a dismal state . . . we have one that can’t go in the thick ice at all,” Hunter said.

The Coast Guard is the sole federal agency responsible for managing the nation’s polar icebreakers. Currently, the U.S. operates just two: the Healy and the Polar Star. The Healy is a medium-sized ship mostly used for scientific research. The Polar Star is the lone heavy icebreaker.

Vice Adm. Peter Neffenger, vice commandant of the Coast Guard, said those vessels are becoming dated. The Polar Star is expected to last only another six to nine years. These vessels are essential for securing the high seas, protecting natural resources and enforcing maritime regulation, he said.

Russia maintains a fleet of nearly 40 icebreakers and even China, a non-Arctic nation, has one currently under development, Hunter said. Though the Coast Guard has been working with 10 other federal agencies to develop requirements for a new icebreaker, it has yet to identify where in its budget it will find approximately $1.2 billion to construct it, he added.

Neffenger said there has been agency coordination and that documentation for acquiring new vessels is being worked on, but funding needs to become a priority because the “demand for presence won’t go away.”

“The Navy is not putting money towards it. Homeland Security is not putting money towards it,” Hunter continued. “If it’s so important, why aren’t we doing anything?”

Rear Adm. Jonathan White, oceanographer and navigator of the Navy, said the service needs icebreakers. But when committee members asked if the Navy plans to provide the Coast Guard with funds, White said its budget did not support it.

“It’s a team approach that we do for all the operations . . . but icebreaking was given to the Coast Guard,” he said.

The vessels are also critical to conduct scientific research and collect Arctic resource data, said Kelly Falkner, deputy director of the office for polar programs at NSF. And while the foundation reimburses the Coast Guard for allowing it to operate the Healy during the summer months, Falkner said it does not plan on contributing any of its $7.6 billion annual budget to help build a new icebreaker.

“We need icebreaking services. We don’t need a full-time heavy icebreaker at our beck and call and we don’t have the resources to support such,” Falkner said.

Young said because the organizations were unwilling to contribute to new vessel funding, they should lease them from the private sector instead. He insisted this was a better alternative because it was unlikely the agencies would receive the funding to construct any new ships.

Neffenger explained that there were no heavy icebreakers available for rent, and that leasing a ship — instead of building it — was a short-term solution. There is “no competitive advantage or cost advantage in leasing,” he said.

The agencies argued that the development of modern icebreakers was a key component to achieving the goals set out in the National Strategy for the Arctic Region, which was released by President Obama in May. 

Hunter said the icebreaker issue remains at a standstill because agencies are declining to support the Coast Guard. What is important to acquiring new vessels and furthering Arctic interests is each organization’s willingness to contribute money, as opposed to just missions.

“It’s all talk. There’s no action,” he said. 

Photo Credit: Coast Guard

Reader Comments

Re: Congress, Federal Agencies Decline to Help Coast Guard Fund New Polar Icebreaker

If the USCG can't get the other agencies to pony-up on the front end, make em all pay double on the back end. Charge them all double what they have been after the fact and recoup that way. And let the plan be known to congress to secure funding up front. OR... How about making congress force the agencies to fork over the money. If congress believes these other agencies have the extra money to simply "give" the CG for such purchases, does congress not know what was in the "approved" budgets of the other agencies? You don't approve a budget then tell an agency they can spend it on whatever they feel after the fact. Defeats the purpose of a budget, doesn't it?

Kyle on 04/13/2015 at 10:52

Re: Congress, Federal Agencies Decline to Help Coast Guard Fund New Polar Icebreaker

Hi Stan! First: I dont dismiss the 1 billion icebreaker for its capabilities, but maybe for the prizetag. What I am getting at is the fact that the US are so far behind when it comes to polar icebreakers compared to Russia for instance. If it really is a priority to have a presence in those regions it would be a faster and cheaper way to have more options with a simpler kind of polar capable ship. The ship that I refer to would be able to break 7-8 ft continously at around 3 knots, but of course not have all the hi-tech equipment that you refer to I guess. By the way; 20+ft icebreaking would be back-and-ram mode, and that can be done by our old ODEN(24,5K hp) but at a slow pace, and ODEN would cost around 230 million USD to build today...:)

Regards, Erik

Erik on 11/21/2014 at 04:05

Re: Congress, Federal Agencies Decline to Help Coast Guard Fund New Polar Icebreaker

Hello Erik! I don't think it can be summarily dismissed as a pride thing - the icebreakers they are trying to build are heavy duty icebreakers that are multi-mission platforms that will perform science, defense, SAR, and other mission types. So, these are big, dynamic vessels, with hangar bays for 2 rotary wing aircraft. I'm not sure what vessels you are referring to that would cost about a third of the price, but I would be willing to bet they wouldn't be as capable with respect to icebreaking (20+ft/6.5+m ice) and multi-mission flexibility.


Stan on 11/18/2014 at 14:35

Re: Congress, Federal Agencies Decline to Help Coast Guard Fund New Polar Icebreaker

Same comment as to earlier article: You can have a polar icebreaker built in europe for 250 million. The amount of equipment will of course affect the prizetag, but still a 110x25 meter polar-capable ship with 30K hp. Is it a national-pride thing to build it in the US at 1 billion?

Greetings from Sweden

Erik on 09/23/2014 at 09:34

Re: Congress, Federal Agencies Decline to Help Coast Guard Fund New Polar Icebreaker

There is no law against deploying armed vessels in the Arctic. After all, it's international waters.

However, icebreakers are not very good weapons platforms, being slow in open water and nearly stationary in ice, so from operational point of view building an armed icebreaker is waste of money.

One should also not forget that the Russian icebreakers are not armed. If the US builds just one armed icebreaker and deploys it in the Arctic, Russia will respond to that and those 40 or so icebreakers will surely be fitted with weapons systems. Considering that the US is struggling with building just one new icebreaker, how could they respond to that?

So, I recommend keeping heavy weapons off the icebreakers.

Tups on 09/02/2014 at 04:51

Re: Congress, Federal Agencies Decline to Help Coast Guard Fund New Polar Icebreaker

Reading this is a huge disappointment as the need for a new heavy U.S. icebreaker is decades old.

Is there a law against armaments in the Arctic, or is that just the Antarctic? Since the icebreaker would supposedly operate in both the Arctic and Antarctic, I suppose the requirement for any link to Special Forces or other DoD Defense projects is "out of the question" because surely if the icebreaker was listed as a "Black classified program," or essential to the deployment of Special Forces or Marines in the ice regions (triple usage of science, icebreaking, and Defense deployments), it would receive the funding. Of course I highly doubt any USCG ship would be armed or geared as such for military use, especially a (peaceful) icebreaker.

Oh, well, keep on trying to get the funds, USCG, because the need for a new heavy icebreaker isn't going away. The U.S. government is full of agencies...perhaps the USCG isn't looking hard enough for the proper ones to fund this.

Peter on 08/18/2014 at 20:37

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